Water is one of the most essential resources that profoundly affects human life. It plays a critical role in the health of ecosystems and serves as a crucial enabling resource for sustainable development. The availability of safe drinking water is an essential requirement for all users and must be accessible and reliable.
Reduced Risk of Disease
Water-related diseases are one of the biggest health challenges facing developing countries. Almost half of hospital beds in the developing world are filled with people who have water-related illnesses, and diarrhea is the leading cause of death among children under five years old. Sustainable water projects can reduce disease risk by providing safe drinking water and sanitation services. These efforts can also boost economic growth and reduce poverty. However, they need to be sustainable over time to ensure their benefits are not short-lived.
Reduced Risk of Cardiovascular Disease
People with access to clean water have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. Pure water helps them thrive physically and mentally in their communities. Sustainable water projects like Cadiz Water Project can reduce this risk by reducing the strain on women and children who collect water from distant streams, rivers, and lakes. They also eliminate the safety risks associated with walking long distances without protection. Reducing air pollution is also an essential health benefit of sustainable water projects. Research shows that even low levels of fine particulate matter pollution are associated with coronary artery calcification and increased risk of cardiovascular disease.
Reduced Risk of Malnutrition
Water is a vital resource for human life and food production. However, access to clean water and preventing water-related diseases are increasingly challenging, especially in vulnerable regions. Better water management will help sustain global food and nutrition security, ensure sustainable development, and protect the health of our planet.
Water-related risks affect poorer populations more than richer ones and are closely associated with malnutrition and poverty. This is why achieving SDGs 2 and 6 depends on a coordinated, holistic approach to enhancing agricultural productivity, promoting equitable water and sanitation practices, and protecting and regenerating natural ecosystems.
Reduced Risk of Cancer
Water is a critical component of sustainable development and can contribute to reducing disease and improving health. It is also essential for economic growth and maintaining healthy ecosystems. One of the most critical challenges to sustainable water management is meeting hygiene (supply and sanitation), drinking water, drainage, urban agriculture, and recreational needs while protecting natural resources and human health. Several potential environmental and lifestyle factors can increase cancer risk, including exposure to naturally-occurring substances like arsenic or fertilizer byproducts like nitrate. Additionally, there is a concern that inevitable disinfection byproducts, or DBPs, can increase cancer risk.
Reduced Risk of Diabetes
Water is a natural resource that is vital to the survival of humankind. It also has a significant impact on businesses and economies. Investing in sustainable water projects can positively impact the health and well-being of communities. The benefits include access to cleaner and safer water sources, reduced medical care expenditure, and increased personal safety. Increasing the resilience of businesses dependent on water is another benefit. Companies can proactively protect their supply chain when they know the water scarcity and pollution risks.
Reduced Risk of Infection
Water-related infectious diseases are a global public health concern. They are linked to poor sanitation, inadequate hygiene, and ingestion of unsafe water. Sustainable water projects can reduce the risk of these diseases by increasing access to safe drinking water, promoting safe sanitation, and improving hygiene practices. They can also promote the conservation of natural resources and the restoration of ecosystems. These interventions should be complemented by policies, research, and education programs to prevent these diseases and strengthen water security. They should include a systems approach that accounts for this cycle’s varying temporal and spatial scales and fosters interdisciplinary exchanges among disciplines.